The tour begins with a visit to the Coricancha, also known as “The Temple of the Sun” (Quri Kancha ‘Golden Temple’), which was built by the Inca Pachacutec and at the arrival of the Spanish became the basis for the construction of the Santo Domingo Convent. Here, during the Inca Empire, reverence was paid to the sun (“Inti”), which has special significance in Inca culture.
Onto the Cathedral, the most imposing monument in the fabulous Plaza de Armas. Construction began in 1560 and ended in 1654! Hundreds of stones were extracted and transported from Sacsayhuaman fortress under the command of the Ecclesiastical Council. This is where you’ll head to next!
The fortress of Sacsayhuaman is one of the most emblematic buildings of the Inca people. Built by the Inca Pachacutec in the fifteenth century, this huge fortress was constructed from large, imposing, stones – whose transportation remains still a mystery. Each June 24th, during the winter solstice, the feast of Inti Raymi is recreated here, where – once again – homage is paid to the sun.
Continue to Quenqo, located 4 km from the city. Quenqo is an archaeological complex of mainly religious use where it is believed agricultural rituals were performed. Lastly, you’ll explore Puka Pucara. Puka Pucara, which means “Red Fortress”, was an architectural complex used by the military with multiple plazas, baths, aqueducts, walls and towers, and it is believed the entourage of the Inca used it while he rested in Tambomachay.
From here you’ll be guided back to your accommodation to relax!